DOI Number : 10.5614/itbj.eng.sci.2004.36.2.6
Hits : 27

Influence of Constraining Barrier on the 5th Lumbar and 1st Sacral joint Compressive Force during Manual Lifting

I. Budihardjo1, T. R. Derrick2

1 Department of Industrial and Manufacturing System Engineering, Iowa State University, USA

2 Department of Health and Human Performance, Iowa State University, USA

Abstract. The purpose of this study was to examine the mechanical stresses on the lower back as the response of different heights of constraining barrier. Ten male subjects lifted a load from the floor to the knuckle height under the non-constrained and the constrained conditions with 4 different heights of constraining barrier (80%, 100%, 120% and 140% of knee height). The constrained condition was defined as the condition where a load was placed on the floor behind a certain level of bar. When lifting of the constrained conditions, subjects significantly increased the peak compressive forces at L5/S1 compared to the non-constrained (3868.8 527.5 N, 4175.0 486.0 N, 4162.4 462.3 N, 4136.0 553.1 N, 4079.4 468.9 N for 0%, 80%, 100%, 120% and 140% barrier height conditions respectively). The subjects moved the load further from L5/S1 in the horizontal direction when lifting during the constrained conditions. While lifting during the constrained conditions subjects generated an increase in the sacral angle and a decrease of the knee flexion. The peak compressive forces at L5/S1 showed a statistically significant quadratic trend. However, the magnitude of the difference of peak compressive forces during the constrained conditions was small.

Keywords: back injury; constraint barrier; L5/S1 disc; manual lifting; peak compressive forces.

Download Article
Bahasa Indonesia | English


Begin on 10 October 2014 this website is no longer activated for article process in Journal of Mathematical and Fundamental Sciences, Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences, Journal of ICT Research and Applications and Journal of Visual Art and Design. The next process will be proceeded under new website at

For detail information please contact us to:

       ITB Journal Visitor Number #14675244       
       Jl. Tamansari 64, Bandung 40116, Indonesia Visitor IP Address #       
       Tel : +62-22-250 1759 ext. 121 2011 Institut Teknologi Bandung       
       Fax : +62-22-250 4010, +62-22-251 1215 XHTML + CSS + RSS       
       E-mail : or Developed by AVE