DOI Number : 10.5614/j.eng.technol.sci.2014.46.3.1
Hits : 14

Synthesis of Nanocrystalline of Lanthanum Doped NaTaO3 and Photocatalytic Activity for Hydrogen Production

Husni Husin1,2*, Komala Pontas1,2, Yuliana Sy1, Syawaliah1 & Saisa2

1Department of Chemical Engineering, Syiah Kuala University
2Graduate Study of Chemical Engineering, Syiah Kuala University
Jalan Tgk. SyehAbdurrauh No.7, Darussalam,Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
*Email: husni_husin2002@yahoo.com


Abstract. Sodium tantalum oxide doping lanthanum (La-NaTaO3) compounds were successfully synthesized by a sol-gel method and calcined at different temperatures. Tantalum chloride (TaCl5) was used as starting material and lanthanum nitrate (La(NO3)3.6H2O) as lanthanum source. X-ray diffraction (XRD) revealed that the calcination temperature strongly influenced the crystallinity of the prepared samples.The crystallite sizes of the resultant La-NaTaO3were in the range of 27-46 nm. The photocatalytic activities of the samples were examined for hydrogen production from an aqueous methanol solution under UV light irradiation. It was found that the photocatalytic activity of the La-NaTaO3 depended strongly on the calcination temperature. The range of calcination temperatures were 500, 700, and 900C. The La-NaTaO3 sample calcined at 900C showed the highest photocatalytic activity compared to the samplescalcined at the other temperatures. The rate of hydrogen production reached a value of 6.16 mmol h-1 g-1 catalyst.

Keywords: green energy; hydrogen; La-doped NaTaO3; photocatalyst; sol-gel.

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